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What is Artificial Intelligence?

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Origin and definition

Throughout history, many scientists (such as Turing and Boole, among others) have considered the possibility of building a machine that would reach an intelligence similar to human, and that is when the concept of Artificial Intelligence or AI is born.

According to the Encyclopedia Of Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence is:

 

The field of science and engineering that deals with understanding, from a computer point of view, what it commonly calls intelligent behavior. It also deals with the reaction of artifacts that exhibit this behavior.

 

In other words, Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a system to mimic human behavior or thinking. It is similar to having a mind without a body. If we provided it with one, we would move into the field of robotics.

 

Types of machines with Artificial Intelligence

At the time of publication, 4 types of machines with Artificial Intelligence are distinguished:

1. Reactive machines

They perceive the world directly and act on what they see without the need to create a model. The Deep Blue machine is a clear example, since it could identify the pieces of a chess board, predict the possible moves of its opponent and choose the best answers, but it did not know the past or the experiences it had had in previous games.

2. Machines with limited memory

They retain billions of data for a limited time, which is used to make better decisions. Unlike the reactive ones, those with limited memory do have a vision of the past and can perform thousands of calculations based on it. However, his memory is short-term and he does not store experiences to learn from them like people. Self-driving cars are one example.

3. Machines with theory of mind

The theory of mind is the understanding of people and subjects in the world who can have thoughts and emotions that affect their own behavior. Machines with this theory understand how humans think, their emotions and feelings, trying to adjust their behavior accordingly.

4. Machines with their own conscience

They are those who are aware of themselves and are capable of constructing a representation.

 

Characteristics of Artificial Intelligence

In 2018, the then Vice President of AI Development and Analytics at IBM and current General Manager of IBM Cloud Integration, Dinesh Nirmal, described the five attributes that Artificial Intelligence must have to be fully efficient and useful.

  • Self-manageable
  • Resilient
  • Improved performance
  • Measurable
  • Continuous and evolutionary learning

Finally, it is important to bear in mind that, according to experts, Artificial Intelligence is capable of helping any company that has a considerable amount of data to make good decisions and create business opportunities.

 

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